¹ba.roque adj, often cap [F, fr. MF barroque irregularly shaped (of a pearl), fr. Pg barroco irregularly shaped pearl] (1765)
1: of, relating to, or having the characteristics of a style of artistic expression prevalent esp. in the 17th century that is marked generally by use of complex forms, bold ornamentation, and the juxtaposition of contrasting elements often conveying a sense of drama, movement, and tension
2: characterized by grotesqueness, extravagance, complexity, or flamboyance
3: irregularly shaped--used of gems --
|Form: Maderno's facade is almost the perfect example of the term "Baroque." It is extremely complex and uses a classical vocabulary but with some very Mannerist twists. The facade of the structure is really a combination of two facades. The pediment above the central doors is too far down the building. This is very similar to Palladio's design for the Church of San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice. Begun 1566. Initially the facade appears to have a symmetrical standard formula for Corinthian order buildings but over all the combination of the forms is irregular. |
The facade is not one straight line across. Instead the building undulates and shifts backwards and forwards in an irregular almost unpredictable pattern. There are doubled columns combined with flattened pilasters. The undulation of the facade is a little disorienting and creates a dramatic play of light and shadow across the facade which augmented by the facade's color which is two toned. The top of the building is a different color than the bottom.
|St. Peter's has the mark of almost every important Italian artist from the 1500's to the 1700's. Even when the chance to redesign the over all structure or even the exterior facade, Gian Lorenzo Bernini still took it upon himself to redesign, or at least redecorate the interior of the structure. There are many places where Bernini's has redesigned tombs, stairways and altars. The two most important are Bernini's Baldacchino 1624-1633 or canopy located directly under the dome at the crossing and his Cathedra Petri 1656-1666 (Chair of St. Peters) located in the eastern apse.|
pi.las.ter n [MF pilastre, fr. It pilastro] (1575): an upright architectural member that is rectangular in plan and is structurally a pier but architecturally treated as a column and that usu. projects a third of its width or less from the wall